HIPAA is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act enacted in 1996. This law governs how protected health information (PHI) can be used. Color rigorously follows the standards established by HIPAA, which is the same standard followed by hospitals and other healthcare institutions. Our adherence to HIPAA means that all personally-identifiable health information is encrypted and stored safely. At Color, the only individuals with access to results are those who need it in order to provide services to you. For example, the genetic counselor with whom you make an appointment will have access to your results so that you can fully discuss any questions related to your results.
In 2008, a federal law called the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act (GINA) was passed to prohibit medical insurance companies and employers from discriminating against individuals on the basis of genetic information, which is defined to include genetic test results, family cancer history, and the fact that genetic testing occurred.
For example, Section 202(a)(1) of GINA provides that it is unlawful “to fail or refuse to hire, or to discharge, any employee, or otherwise to discriminate against any employee with respect to the compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment of the employee, because of genetic information with respect to the employee.” Learn more about GINA, including the exceptions.